May include benefits such as drug prescriptions, vision, dental, short-term (sick pay), paid holidays, paid vacations and other benefits that are provided to employees in accordance with the terms of the Collective Agreement.
Bill 124 – Protecting a Sustainable Public Sector for Future Generations Act
The Ontario Government, in October 2019, passed Bill 124, which sets a three-year moderation period for all broader public sector employees. In this moderation period, increases to total compensation are limited to a total of 1% per year for each year of the moderation period.
A method of determining wages, benefits, working conditions of employment through a process of negotiation between a union and an employer.
Collective Agreement (CA)
A negotiated contract between an employer and a union that describes the terms of employment for the employees represented by the union that includes, for example, wages, benefits, hours and working conditions.
A formal dispute resolution process under the Labour Relations Act, 1995 where an employer or union or both request an independent Ontario government Conciliation Officer to be appointed by the Ministry of Labour. The appointed Conciliator Officer’s role is to facilitate the parties to reach a new Collective Agreement, if possible.
Contract language put forward by the union or the employer during Collective Bargaining.
Bargaining where two parties make every reasonable effort to reach a Collective Agreement. Good-faith bargaining does not preclude “hard bargaining” by either party.
An alleged violation, misinterpretation or misapplication of a provision of the Collective Agreement which may be filed by unionized employees, the union or the employer.
A set of progressive review steps established in a Collective Agreement for the handling of Grievances.
A deadlock in Collective Bargaining where after bargaining in good faith; the parties have failed to reach an agreement on one or more issues.
A court order that restrains a party from committing or engaging in certain acts or activities.
Section 102 of the Courts of Justice Act sets out when the Court in Ontario has jurisdiction to issue an injunction in a labour dispute.
A process through which an employer and a union resolve matters to which they cannot agree; through Collective Bargaining through an arbitration process.
Labour Relations Board (Ontario)
The Ontario government independent board appointed to facilitate harmonious labour-relations and resolve disputes between parties under the Labour Relations Act, 1995 (“LRA, 1995“). The LRA, 1995 governs both the process by which a trade union acquires bargaining rights and the procedures by which trade unions and employers engage in Collective Bargaining in Ontario.
The refusal by an employer to continue to schedule employees or the suspension of work by an employee for the purpose of compelling the union to accept new terms or conditions of employment.
Certain rights that management maintains as fundamental to its ability to effectively manage and operate its organization. These rights are often expressly reserved to management in the management’s rights clause of the Collective Agreement. Generally, they include the right to hire, promote, suspend or discharge employees; to direct the work of employees; and to manage the operation.
No Board Report Process (Stage One)
A Conciliation Officer writes to the Minister of Labour if s/he determines, after the Conciliation process commences, that the two negotiating parties (employer and union) are at an impasse.
No Board Report Process (Stage Two)
Upon receipt and review of a Conciliation Officer’s notification, the Minister of Labour, generally, notifies the negotiating parties, in writing, that s/he “does not consider it advisable to appoint a conciliation board.” This notice is known as the “no board”.
Such notification to the employer and the union results in a 17-day countdown with an effective date where a union can commence a Strike or an employer can commence a Lockout; such deadline commences on a specific date set at 12:01 am (i.e., one minute past midnight). However, there is no obligation by either party that a Strike or Lockout need commence after that deadline.
OPSEU Liquor Board Employees Division (LBED)
The Union representing close to 9000 employees of the LCBO
Paid Union Leave
A provision in the Collective Agreement that provides leave for union business that is paid for by the employer.
A work stoppage, a refusal to work or to continue to work by employees or a slow-down or other concerted activity on the part of employees designed to restrict or limit work for the purpose of compelling their employer to agree to new terms or conditions of employment.
The negotiated length of the Collective Agreement that the agreement will remain enforced.
Unfair Labour Practice (ULP)
A claim filed with the Labour Relations Board (Ontario) by one party against the other alleging a violation of the LRA, 1995.
A monthly payment by members to their union that is normally collected by an employer on behalf of a union; the amount is set by either the union’s constitution or bylaws, and is subject to approval by the membership.
Rules regulating on-the-job conditions of work.